Bayraktar TB2 is a medium altitude and long-range

Updated: Jun 2

Bayraktar TB2 is a medium altitude and long-range tactical unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) system manufactured by Baykar Makina, for the Turkish Armed Forces.

Bayraktar tactical UAV was developed by Kale Baykar JV, a joint venture of Baykar Makina and the Kale Group. The UAV is an ideal platform for conducting reconnaissance and intelligence missions.

Bayraktar TB2 achieved the milestone of 200,000 operational flight hours in June 2020, becoming the first domestically built aerial vehicle in the country to reach the feat.

General Characteristics

  • Crew: 0 onboard, 3 in ground station

  • Length: 6.5 m (21 ft)

  • Wing Span: 12 m (39 ft)

  • Max Take Off Weight: 650 kg (1,430 lb)

  • Payload: 150 kg (330 lb)

  • Powerplant: 1 x 100 Hp Internal Combustion Engine with Injection

  • Fuel Capacity: 300 litres (79 US gal)

  • Fuel Type: Gasoline


  • Maximum Speed: 120 knots (220 km/h)

  • Cruise Speed: 70 knots (130 km/h)

  • Range: 150 km (81 nmi)[25]

  • Communication Range: Line-of-sight propagation

  • Service Ceiling: 27,000 feet (8,200 m)

  • Operational altitude: 18,000 feet (5,500 m)

  • Endurance: 27 hours


The Smart Micro Munition (MAM-L) and behind it MAM-C high explosive variant Hardpoints: 4 hardpoints for laser guided smart munition, with provisions to carry combinations of :


  • Interchangeable EO/IR/LD imaging and targeting sensor systems or Multi Mode AESA Radar:

  • Aselsan CATS EO/IR/LD imaging and targeting sensor (Current production)

  • WESCAM MX-15D EO/IR/LD imaging and targeting sensor (Production till October 2020)


TB2 uses triple bands for LOS control and video transmission. Baykar Mobile Ground Control Station (Mobile GCS) ensures the remote control of the Bayraktar TB2 platform from the forward bases, far from the central command centers. The powerful communication antennas of the Mobile GCS expand the mission range by allowing Bayraktar TB2 UAVs to take off and land to/from their current locations. Consistent with NATO ACE III shelter standards, the mobile GCS encompasses a hydraulic driven aerial platform that can be raised up to 12m, automatic oriented antenna systems and a powerful truck providing mobility to all these components with hydraulic outriggers. The Mobile GCS is Baykar’s own design. It is equipped with cutting-edge sensors and control valves allowing it to be set up safely in a short period of time.

Bayraktar tactical UAV development

Phase one development of the prototype Bayraktar Block A began in 2007 and first flight was made in June 2009. The contract for phase two development and serial production was signed between the Undersecretariat for Defence Industries (SSM) and Kale-Baykar JV in December 2011.

The second phase involving the development and serial production of Bayraktar Block B (TB2) commenced in January 2012. Bayraktar TB2 completed its first flight in April 2014. The first acceptance tests of the UAV were conducted in November 2014 and six UAVs were delivered to the Turkish Land Forces by 2014.