🇮🇷 Ebrahim Raisi, what do we know about the new Iranian President
Candidate Ebrahim Raisi won the Iranian presidential elections, according to what was announced by Iranian state television, after receiving 62% of the votes, compared to 11% for his closest rival, Mohsen Rezaei.
Syed Ibrahim Rais al-Sadati, known as Ibrahim Raisi, was born on December 14, 1960, in the old Noghan district of Mashhad, the capital of Khorasan Razavi Province.
His father was a cleric from Dashtek district in the city of Zabul in Sistan and Baluchistan province. He lived in Mashhad and died when Ibrahim was five years old. He entered the religious seminary in Qom shortly before the revolution, and he was at the age of fifteen, and there he studied religious sciences at the hands of People such as Ali Meshkini, Hossein Nouri Hamedani, Muhammad Fadel Lankarani, Abul-Qasim Khazali, and Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi.
Raisi is married to the daughter of the hard-line cleric Ahmad Alam Al-Huda, the Friday imam of the city of Mashhad, and his wife Jamila Alam Al-Huda has a doctorate from Tarbate Al-Moualresin University and is a professor of educational sciences at Beheshti University in Tehran.
Ibrahim Raisi was appointed Prosecutor of the city of Karaj in 1980, when he was only 20 years old, and a few months later he was appointed Prosecutor of the city of Karaj, west of Tehran. General of the city of Hamedan, and after a period of transfer to the Public Prosecution Office in Hamedan, and remained in this position until 1984, and in 1985, he became the Deputy Public Prosecutor in the capital, Tehran, and remained in this position until 1990, until he became the Public Prosecutor in Tehran by order of the The head of the judiciary at the time, Muhammad Yazdi.
Raisi became a member of the "Death Commission" in 1988, when he was not yet 30, and helped decide the fate of several thousand political prisoners by execution.
In this year 1988, the founding guide of the Khomeinist regime, independently of the judiciary, issued three special rulings to “deal with judicial problems” in some provinces, including Lorestan, Kermanshah and Semnan, and after that, several important judicial files were referred to him and to the Shari’a ruler Hussein Ali. Neri.
Among the most serious human rights violations in the history of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the mass executions of prisoners in the summer of 1988, in which Ibrahim Raisi played a prominent role in issuing death sentences, and upon the instructions of the First Guide Khomeini, a committee known as the “Death Committee” was formed that determined the fate of thousands of prisoners. Political prisoners sentenced to death. The committee included Prosecutor General Morteza Eshraqi, Shari'a Governor Hussein Ali Nyiri, Religious Judge and Deputy Prosecutor Ibrahim Raisi, and the representative of the Ministry of Intelligence, Mustafa Pour Mohammadi. The committee settled in Evin Prison.
The committee issued mass death sentences against political prisoners, most of whom are primarily from the Mujahedin-e-Khalq and also from leftist organizations, and issued death sentences against them while they were serving previous prison sentences, many of whom were on the verge of being released from prison after the end of their sentence.
In 2017, the official website of Ayatollah Hassan Ali Montazeri, the regime’s deputy supreme guide in the 1960s, who was dismissed after a dispute with Khomeini over the executions of 1988, published an audio recording in which Montazeri protested the mass executions, describing it as “the greatest crime in the history of the republic.” Islamic State,” Montazeri made these statements before members of the “Death Committee,” including Ibrahim Raisi.
Ebrahim Raisi remained as Tehran's attorney general until 1994, when Hashemi Shahroudi appointed him head of the general inspectorate for ten years, and with Sadeq Larijani's appointment as head of the judiciary, Raisi also became its first deputy for ten years from 2004 to 2014.
In 2014, Raisi became Iran's public prosecutor, and after the death of the Sadden of the shrine of Imam Reza Vaezi Tabsi, Khamenei appointed him in his place at the head of one of the most important religious and economic centers that owns billions of endowment, including real estate, hotels, industrial and agricultural companies, and is subject to the Supreme Leader of the regime, and in 2018 Khamenei appointed him instead of Larijani to head the judiciary, and he is still in this position and did not resign from his position despite his candidacy for the presidential elections.
During these years, Ibrahim Raisi also held positions such as the Special Prosecutor of the Clergy Court, a member of the Central Council of the Conservative Struggling Clergy, and a member of the Expediency Council.
Raisi has been a member of the Assembly of Experts since 2006, and he occupies this council that chooses the Wali al-Faqih, meaning the successor to the Supreme Leader, and is currently the first vice president in the Council, and is referred to as one of the candidates for the position of Wali al-Faqih after Khamenei.
The United States imposed sanctions on Ibrahim Raisi over his human rights record.
The US Treasury added the names of nine Iranian officials to the sanctions list, including Ebrahim Raisi, over the files of the 1988 mass executions and the killing of protesters in the November 2019 protests.
Ibrahim Raisi was the main hardline conservative candidate in the 2017 presidential elections, but he lost to Hassan Rouhani, and in those elections his role in the 1988 massacre was raised, and this is the second time that Raisi has run for this position and is the most likely candidate after the Guardian Council rejected his eligibility Most of his competitors for this position are the former Speaker of Parliament Ali Larijani, the former President of the Republic Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, and the First Vice President of Hassan Rouhani Eshaq Jahangiri, and this is the second time that he is running for the position of President of the Republic.